ITS – The term “Intelligent Transport Systems” (ITS) refers to the business sector where different modes of transport (road, rail, maritime and air) are developed with the help of information and communication technologies. Other widely used terms for the same business sector are “Smart Traffic” and “Traffic Telematics”.
ITS normally aims to provide advanced applications for the three different main focus areas: to increase the fluency, safety and environmental friendliness of the transport systems. From the perspective of users of these transport systems, this simply means spending less time in traffic jams, fewer accidents and less pollution, as well as better-informed users.
The main objective of ITS solutions varies between different geographical areas globally. In areas with lower population density and challenging weather conditions, traffic safety is often the biggest focus of the systems. In areas with higher population density, ITS solutions, in addition to safety, focus on tackling growing congestion and emission problems.
From the operational point of view, Intelligent Transport Systems normally includes two distinct phases: achieving situational awareness of the traffic conditions, and optimizing the efficiency and safety of the transport system.
Technically, the first phase is about sensing. By using various sensing technologies, ITS systems can collect a massive amount of information from multiple data sources to recognize traffic volumes, weather conditions, hazardous traffic situations and roadway conditions. The stored data is combined and analyzed to determine the traffic situation and environmental conditions as accurately as possible, and to create traffic and environmental condition forecasts with predictive algorithms.
Typical sensing technologies in the first phase are inductive loops placed in the roadbed, vehicle detection with video cameras (like number plate recognition or automatic incident detection), GPS-based methods and Bluetooth detection, applications based on floating car data, weather stations, and machine vision applications to monitor road and infrastructure conditions.
The second phase is about informing users and traffic management aimed at safer and more optimized use of the traffic system. Intelligent Transport Systems allows us to make smarter choices about how, when and where to travel.
System users might be informed, warned and managed by various ITS technologies. In the road traffic context, good examples are roadside variable speed limits, warning signs, lane signals and information panels, automatic road enforcement systems, bridge de-icing systems, dynamic traffic light sequences, GPS-based navigational in-car systems, and mobile applications.
The Intelligent Transport Systems business segment is one of the most significant users of Industrial IoT technologies and recognized as one major subset of this technology domain. The Industrial IoT expertise of Nodeon’s experts is especially based on large-scale and varied experience from more than 100 ITS projects.
We have been involved in all ITS project delivery phases, from pre-design to systems deliveries, system maintenance and consulting. We have a profound understanding of all the technological aspects of ITS like information collecting and processing, telecommunication solutions, communication protocols, system architectures and integration, device interfaces, as well as efficient and safe handling of traffic data.
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